Seventy years after the destruction of the First Temple, it was time to build the Second Temple. Though the Creator’s Light was beginning to reveal itself, the people were not prepared. The people were in a state of sleep, what our Sages call dormita which literally means "asleep". This occurs when Zeir Anpin leaves Malchut. The Arizal tells us that Haman came to King Achashveirosh for permission to kill the people of Israel and the king refused the idea. Haman was both a magician and an astrologer. He tried to convince the king that the Creator was asleep and the Israelites could be destroyed before the Creator awoke. Haman is believed to have been a reincarnation of Amalek, the descendant of Esau. Amalek is the negative force that resides in all of us, the Yetzer Hara, which causes us to doubt. The Purim story, contained in the Megilat Esther, is the story of the fight against our own doubt and its defeat. Before publishing the final decree against the people of Israel, Haman used astrology to confirm that the 13th of Adar was indeed the greatest darkness of the entire year. He discovered this truth on the 13th of Nissan, one month later. It’s important to note that the story covers the length of fourteen years. A decree was published on the 13th of Nissan to all 127 states of the Persian Empire to destroy all the people of Israel on the 13th of Adar of the coming year. When Mordechai found out about this, he was sad and asked Esther, who was a Kabbalist herself, to ask the king to change the decree. According to Kabbalah, Esther told Mordechai that a change cannot be affected in the 1% realm unless there was a change in the 99%. We know that everything that occurs in Malchut is reflected in the Upper Worlds. The 13th of Adar is a day of the greatest darkness and Haman knew this and knew he could use it for his evil scheme. Again this is the day of dormita, the separation of Zeir Anpin and Malchut. This comes because of a great outpouring of the Light. The only way we can change our destiny of doubt and destruction is through unity and sharing here in Malchut. When we fail to do this, chaos is the reality in our lives. Esther told Mordechai to bring all the people of Israel together and to have them fast for 72 hours and to share with one another. Kabbalah tells us that the purpose of fasting is to restrict the desire to receive for the self alone. When we fast and share with others, we attract the energy of mercy. So Mordechai gathered everyone and showed them how to use the 72 Names as a tool to reconnect to the Creator’s Light. Each person did this and gave charity to the poor and gifts to one another. The 72 hours actually took place during Pesach, the time that the cosmos finalizes conflicts for the entire year. Haman was incorrect that this was finalized on the 13th of Nissan. The people of Israel, through their actions, woke up Zeir Anpin and connected it to Malchut. The Ari tells us that Mordechai represents pure light, while Haman represents total darkness, and the king represents Zeir Anpin. The Megilah tells us that King Achashveirosh could not sleep that night. One year after the miracle of Purim, the Kabbalists of the era realized that at the same time each year, the 14th and 15th of Adar, this same energy appeared and would continue to appear for all eternity, even in the time of the Mashiach. Our Jewish tradition is about action and in order to connect to the energy of Purim, we must hear the reading of the Megilah twice, give charity, and share with one another. When we connect to the energy of Purim, we defeat the darkest day of the year and assure that the Creator’s Light will shine in our lives for the entire year that follows.
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